AB019. OP19 Life threatening complication in bariatric surgery: marginal ulcer perforation
Abstract

AB019. OP19 Life threatening complication in bariatric surgery: marginal ulcer perforation

Emre Gündoğdu, Emir Güldoğan, Mehmet Mahir Özmen

İstinye University School of Medicine, Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence to: Emre Gündoğdu. İstinye University School of Medicine, Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Email: dremregundogdu@gmail.com.

Background: Bariatric surgery has become an important adjunct in battling obesity. This life-saving surgery has many proven health benefits, but there are also potential risks and complications. Marginal ulcer formation after gastric bypass surgery is a complication that can arise in the early postoperative period or many months after the operation. The incidence of free perforation of marginal ulcers after laparoscopic antecolic gastric bypass is 1.6%. Laparoscopic repair of a perforated marginal ulcer after laparoscopic or robotic gastric bypass is a feasible, safe alternative to open exploration in hemodynamically stable patients. This article discusses the surgical management and the operative technique used in 2 patients who had the laparoscopic mini gastric bypass (MGB) operation.

Methods: A 15 mmHg pneumoperitoneum was established with a Veress needle via the left subcostal approach in both patients. Entrance into the abdomen was achieved with the modified hasson technique. The Nathanson liver retractor was used to lift the left lobe of the liver and expose the gastrojejunal anastomosis. A 30° 10 mm telescope was used for visualization. In both cases, free fluid and purulent material were noted in the subdiaphragmatic region and along the right paracolic gutter. A 1 cm perforation with surrounding inflammatory exudate was identified on the anterior surface in the first case and posterior surface in the second case of the gastrojejunostomy. The edges were debrided and intracorporeal 1-layer repair of the ulcer was performed with simple 2-0 V-lock sutures and covered with an omental onlay patch. The anastomosis was tested with air insufflation and methylene blue dye with no evidence of a leak. A Jackson-Pratt drain was placed in the left upper quadrant.

Results: Both patients underwent an unremarkable hospital course, and follow-up EGD examination after 3 months revealed no evidence of ulceration.

Conclusions: Laparoscopic exploration and the repair of the gastrointestinal perforations in patients with a recent history of MGB is safe, if patients are hemodynamically stable and present within the first 24 hours of the onset of symptoms.

Keywords: Mini gastric bypass (MGB); gastrointestinal perforations; marginal ulcers


Footnote

Provenance and Peer Review: This abstract is included in “Abstracts from the 3rd Turkish National Congress on Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, 21st-24th November 2019, Antalya-Turkey”, which is commissioned by the editorial office for the series “Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery” published in Annals of Laparoscopic and Endoscopic Surgery. This abstract did not undergo external peer review.

Conflicts of Interest: The authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form (available at http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/ales-2019-bms-30). The series “Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery” was commissioned by the editorial office without any funding or sponsorship. MMÖ served as the unpaid Guest Editor of the series, and serves as an unpaid editorial board member of Annals of Laparoscopic and Endoscopic Surgery from Mar 2019 to Feb 2021. The authors have no other conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethical Statement: The authors are accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

doi: 10.21037/ales-2019-bms-30
Cite this abstract as: Gündoğdu E, Güldoğan E, Özmen MM. Life threatening complication in bariatric surgery: marginal ulcer perforation. Ann Laparosc Endosc Surg 2020;5:AB019.