Robots for rectopexy: probably hindrance... till now!
Letter to the Editor

Robots for rectopexy: probably hindrance... till now!

Jean-Luc Faucheron1,2, Bertrand Trilling1,2, Fabian Reche1,2

1Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Michallon University Hospital, Grenoble, France; 2Grenoble Alps University, UMR 5525, CNRS, TIMC-IMAG, Grenoble, France

Correspondence to: Prof. Jean-Luc Faucheron, Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Michallon University Hospital, CS 10217, 38043 Grenoble cedex, France. Email: JLFaucheron@chu-grenoble.fr.

Provenance: This is an invited Correspondence commissioned by Editor-in-Chief Minhua Zheng (Department of General Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Minimal Invasive Surgery, Shanghai, China).

Response to: Lindsey I, Hogan AM. Robots for rectopexy: help or hindrance? Ann Laparosc Endosc Surg 2017;2:6.


Received: 25 February 2017; Accepted: 06 March 2017; Published: 20 April 2017.

doi: 10.21037/ales.2017.03.19


We thank Doctors Ian Lindsey and Aisling M. Hogan for their comments concerning our article recently published in Techniques in Coloproctology (1) they published in Annals of Laparoscopic and Endoscopic Surgery under the title “robots for rectopexy: help or hindrance?” (2).

We disagree with the assumption that no clear algorithm exists as to how best manage external rectal prolapse or posterior colpocele: since 1999 in our institution, monthly multidisciplinary meetings for pelvic floor disorders exist that involve colorectal surgeons, radiologists, gastroenterologists, urologists, gynaecologists, and physiotherapists. In summary, laparoscopic or robotic ventral rectopexy is recommended for external rectal prolapse and deep enterocele (3,4) or hedrocele (5). Isolated rectocele and internal rectal prolapse are for us best managed by stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) procedure (6) or perineal approach. Rectocele without enterocele and internal rectal prolapse without deep Douglas pouch, associated with severe dyschezia which are often the cause of the organic condition rather than the consequence, should not be treated by rectopexy, even the ventral one, because of the risk of increasing the defecation disorder. Dynamic cystocolpoproctography, that is superior to functional pelvic MRI, is of great help in diagnosing these posterior pelvic floor disorders (7).

We also disagree with the argument that “like laparoscopy thirty years ago, the flat earth, antediluvians among us were sceptical of its advantages”: at that time, we were on the contrary enthusiastic on offering the patients smaller incisions, less pain, quicker recovery, and cosmetic advantages, as we are for fast-track surgery nowadays (8). Moreover, we published positive results using a miniaturized robotic laparoscope-holder for rectopexy, so proving we are not “against breakthroughs” (9).

Our group stopped temporary fixation of the sigmoid colon (or uterus) to anterolateral abdominal wall 19 years ago, that is 3 years after starting the laparoscopic approach for rectopexy (3): adding a fourth 5 mm port often accelerates the procedure that is now performed in less than an hour, allowing the operation to be performed as day-case procedure.

Doctors Ian Lindsey and Aisling M. Hogan must agree that using the actual Robot Da Vinci necessitates bigger ports (8 mm instead of 5 mm), supplementary one to introduce meshes and possibly staplers, fixed table tilting all along the procedure, and longer time to complete the procedure (the first assistant should be at least as good surgeon as the main surgeon).

We are then convinced that in 2017, the use of the expensive robot for simple, well defined procedure as the ventral rectopexy is should not be systematic. In our institution, best indications for using the Da Vinci robot are low rectal cancer in male patients, complex endometriosis pelvic operations, and bariatric surgery.

Michelanelo also said “On a fragile craft, through a stormy sea, the course of my life is already reached this common port where we are going to make a harsh account of any work, bad and good”... I agree with Doctors Ian Lindsey and Aisling M. Hogan we should continue to innovate and strive to improve patients journeys in every way, except in case where innovation afford no advantage with higher cost.


Acknowledgements

None.


Footnote

Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


References

  1. Faucheron JL, Trilling B, Barbois S, et al. Day case robotic ventral rectopexy compared with day case laparoscopic ventral rectopexy: a prospective study. Tech Coloproctol 2016;20:695-700. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Lindsey I, Hogan AM. Robots for rectopexy: help or hindrance? Ann Laparosc Endosc Surg 2017;2:6. [Crossref]
  3. Faucheron JL, Voirin D, Riboud R, et al. Laparoscopic anterior rectopexy to the promontory for full-thickness rectal prolapse in 175 consecutive patients: short- and long-term follow-up. Dis Colon Rectum 2012;55:660-5. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Reche F, Faucheron JL. Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy is the gold standard treatment for rectal prolapse. Tech Coloproctol 2015;19:565-6. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. Jarry J, Peycru T, Shekher M, et al. An uncommon surgical disease. JAMA Surg 2014;149:395-6. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Slim K, Mezoughi S, Launay-Savary MV, et al. Repair of rectocele using the Stapled TransAnal Rectal Resection (STARR) technique: intermediate results from a multicenter French study. J Chir (Paris) 2008;145:27-31. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Faucheron JL, Barot S, Collomb D, et al. Dynamic cystocolpoproctography is superior to functional pelvic MRI in the diagnosis of posterior pelvic floor disorders: results of a prospective study. Colorectal Dis 2014;16:O240-7. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. Faucheron JL, Trilling B. Laparoscopy in combination with fast-track management is the best surgical strategy in patients undergoing colorectal resection for cancer. Tech Coloproctol 2015;19:379-80. [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Jarry J, Moreau Gaudry A, Long JA, et al. Miniaturized robotic laparoscope-holder for rectopexy: first results of a prospective study. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2013;23:351-5. [Crossref] [PubMed]
doi: 10.21037/ales.2017.03.19
Cite this article as: Faucheron JL, Trilling B, Reche F. Robots for rectopexy: probably hindrance... till now! Ann Laparosc Endosc Surg 2017;2:78.

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